Students in Transition: McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance Act
The McKinney-Vento Act, reauthorized in 2015 by the ESSA Every Student Succeeds Act (Title IX, Part A.). The act defines “homeless children and youth” as individuals who lack a fixed, regular, and adequate nighttime residence.
Children and youth in transition are:
Sharing the housing of other persons due to loss of housing, economic hardship, or a similar reason (sometimes referred to as doubled-up).
Living in motels, hotels, trailer parks, or camping grounds due to lack of alternative adequate accommodations.
Living in emergency or transitional shelters; abandoned in hospitals.
Children and youth who have a primary nighttime residence that is a public or private place not designed for, or ordinarily used as, a regular sleeping accommodation for human beings.
Children and youth who are living in cars, parks, public spaces, abandoned buildings, substandard housing, bus or train stations, or similar settings.
Migratory children who qualify as homeless because they are living in circumstances described above.
An unaccompanied youth is a child or youth who is not in the physical custody of a parent or guardian and lacks a fixed, regular, and adequate nighttime residence.
The McKinney-Vento Act states that all homeless or unaccompanied youth must be allowed to enroll in school and allowed to fully participate in all activities and classes.